• Agarwal, M. L., D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman. All studies carried out under laborato, was recorded. 8.61%), as well as lowest number of maggots per fruit (12.58, 9.58). Prefecture. maggots of fruitflies Dacuscucurbitae Coquillett and D. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. The puparium measured 5.72 ±0.13 mm in length and 2.46 ± 0.11 mm in breadth. Cucurbits are infested by several insect pests which are, responsible for considerable damage of cucurbits (Butani a, 2015. Approximately 48 hours after emerging from the puparia, female fruit flies are sexually mature and can begin breeding and laying eggs. B. eggs. DISTRIBUTION: Native to tropical Asia and widespread as far west as Pakistan. 10 2.4 Bactrocera carambolae Distribution. 0.738 respectively). Using two-sex life tables to determine fitness parameters of four Bactrocera species (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared on a semi-artificial diet - Volume 108 Issue 6 Materials and methods Insects Cultures of B. correcta, B. dorsalis, B. cucurbitae… The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. Bactrocera umbrosa are about 8 mm long, with bold black, yellow and orange body markings, and three wide brown bands on the wings (Photo 3). (Coq. The research can be considered as a starting point for the control of the pest in field. The third instar was very mobile and measured 9.62 ± 0.87 mm in length and 2.05 ± 0.32 mm in breadth. Peak incidence of epilachna beetle grub and Bactrocera cucurbitae strains were selected for longer developmental period and larger body size on the basis of pre-oviposition period, female age at peak fecundity, numbers of eggs at peak fecundity, total fecundity, longevity of males and females, age at first mating, and number of life … After completion of the third … 10 2.5 The Characteristics and Life Cycle of Bactrocera. The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. Pupation occurs in the soil at 0.5 to 15 cm below the soil surface. Red pumpkin beetle had You searched for: Subject "Bactrocera cucurbitae" Remove constraint Subject: "Bactrocera cucurbitae" Journal Annals of the Entomological Society of America Remove constraint Journal: Annals of the Entomological Society of America. fitness of four species of economically important Bactrocera flies including B. correcta, B. dorsalis, B. cucurbitae, and B. tau, on a banana-based, semi-artificial diet, under laboratory con-ditions to create two-sex life tables. They hatch in 2 to 4 days. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Wajid Hasan, All content in this area was uploaded by Wajid Hasan on Mar 20, 2018. The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2018; Study on the biology and life cycle of cucurbit fruit fly, The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and, was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. Symptoms & Life Cycle Bactrocera frauenfeldi is mostly black, about 6 mm long, with a dark stripe across the wings (Photo 1). Chipku - Pheromone Eco Trap With Melon Fly Lure (Bactocera Cucurbitae), Decrease Insecticide Use So Recommended For Organic Farming (Trap + Lure), They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. The lower developmental threshold for melon fruit fly was recorded as 8.1° C (Keck, 1951). You are currently offline. Present studies on biology of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) revealed that the freshly laid eggs were glistening white, slightly curved, tapering at one end while rounded at the other end. Reaction of Different Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Genotypes to Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), Biology of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Cucumber, Demography of Four Hawaiian Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) Reared at Five Constant Temperatures, Influence of physico-chemical traits of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. on larval density and resistance to melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae: A review of its biology and management, Tephritid fruit flies in China: Historical background and current status, International conference “Global Perspective in Agricultural and Applied Sciences for Food and Environmental Security (GAAFES-2019)”, INCIDENCE STUDIES ON SOME IMPORTANT INSECT PESTS OF CUCUMBER (CUCUMIS SATIVUS L.). 32(3): 10-11. Bionomics of fruit flies (Dacus spp.) experiment. Chipku - Pheromone Eco Trap With Melon Fly Lure (Bactocera Cucurbitae), Decrease Insecticide Use So Recommended For Organic Farming (Trap + Lure), They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. The adults (Fig. other treatments, except untreated control. Biology and life cycle of bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett, a serious pest of cucurbits in jammu region (jammu and kashmir) india Dacus solomonensis look like a wasp with a slim waist; it has a brown body about 12 mm long, and wings wit… The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. common name: oriental fruit fly scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) Introduction - Synonymy - Distribution - Description - Life History - Hosts and Damage - Quarantine and Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Bactrocera became the main genus for the tribe after Bactrocera and Dacus were split, but Bactrocera was further divided into Zeugodacus and Bactrocera in 2015. Section 2 covers the life cycle of typical fruit flies, male lures (particularly methyl eugenol and Cuelure), protein baits, fruit fly damage and crop losses, and the host fruit preferences of the main fruit flies involved in the project. Adult and Adult Longevityof cucurbit fruit fly, 26.00, 37.86±1.40 and 30-52 days respectively at different. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. The mean generation times of B. cucurbitae ranged from 34 days reared on cucumber to 56 days reared on carrot medium. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. 12 2.7 Hatchability Percentage. A adult of fruit fly. The melon fruit fly can successfully be managed over a local area by bagging fruits, field sanitation, protein baits, cue-lure traps, growing fruit fly-resistant genotypes, augmentation of biocontrol agents, and soft insecticides. was Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. 26) can survive for months, and will continue to reproduce if fruit is available.In tropical climates such as Hawaii they are present throughout the year. June and July under room temperature in meerut condition. However, the number of maggots per infested fruits was The next superior treatment, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Mated females deposit eggs within the flesh of the fruit on a host plant.Larvae hatch in a few days and burrow into interior of the fruit to feed on the pulp for 4 - 12 days. Bactrocera cucurbitae. Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. The following is a generalized life history for Bactrocera fruit flies. EENY199 Melon Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems Jr., J. February, 2011(86%) whereas during 2012 2.3 Taxonomic Classification of Bactrocera carambolae. The adults (Fig. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. Flesh thickness and fruit diameter explained 93.0% of the total variation for fruit fly infestation, and flesh thickness and fruit length explained 76.3% of the variation for larval density/fruit. on bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. and pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo L. Biology of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Cucumber, Influence of physico‐chemical traits of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. on larval density and resistance to melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), Biology and population of melon fruit fly on musk melon and Indian squash, Biology and behavior of melon fruit fly , Dacuscucurbitae Coq, Biology and behavior of melon fruit fly, Dacuscucurbitae Coq. Rainfall showed negative correlation The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. Indian Horticulture. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. 19, 263-273. Some There was a significant and positive correlation (r = 0.96) between percentage fruit infestation and larval density/fruit. (Diptera: Tephritidae) Pakistan, Biology and host suitability of cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq. Female fruit flies can store sperm from multiple inseminations for use in future egg productions. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. It inserts the eggs 2 to 4 mm deep in the fruit tissues, and the maggots feed inside the fruit. However, found to be responsible for certain changes in Reproductive and population parameters of melon flies, Bactrocera cucurbita (Coquillett); oriental fruit flies, B. dorsalis (Hendel); Malaysian fruit flies, B. latifrons (Hendel); and Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) were measured at 16, 18, 24, 29, and 32 ± 1°C. ... Bactrocera cucurbitae ... melon fly Specimen Condition Live Specimen Life Cycle Stage Adult Source #1317036: Source Collection and 3.11 respectively) at third week of Indian Journal of Entomology. Economic evaluation of different management practices of cucurbit fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae)... Effect of gibberellic acid on the biology of melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquilett. During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. and larval presence were observed on the fruits still on the plants and after harvest. (r = +0.870) and minimum (r = + 0.730) The study allowed to establish first emergence, flight period, oviposition beginning, larval hatching as well as a first evaluation of the control strategies. B. cucurbitae has a wide range of host plants. Fruit flies have a great influence on fruit and vegetable industry of Pakistan. To assess the variability of the life tables, we carried out two experiments under each treatment. The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. Start Over. 4 Bactrocera cucurbitae Bactrocera spp. Adult presence was checked using yellow sticky traps; oviposition, Field experiments conducted to evaluate the efficacy of selected insecticides against LARVAE. temperature, whereas negatively significant ... Bactrocera cucurbitae ... melon fly Specimen Condition Live Specimen Life Cycle Stage Adult Source #1317036: Source Collection Fruit fly identification and life cycle Images, lifecycles, and host crops of major fruitfly pests in Hawaii are in this pamphlet from the University of Hawaii. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. The first and second instars measured 1.49 ± 0.28 and 6.40 ± 0.86 mm in length, respectively, and 0.31 ± 0.07 and 1.21 ± 0.09 mm in breadth, respectively. Percentage fruit infestation and larval density/fruit were positively correlated with depth of ribs, flesh thickness, fruit diameter and fruit length, and negatively associated with fruit toughness. Biology and life cycle of bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett, a serious pest of cucurbits in jammu region (jammu and kashmir) india In this area, the biology of this carpophagous insect was studied from the summer 2013 through 2015. It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. B. cucurbitae is known to attack more than 125 plants including Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. complex (Bactrocera dorsalis and relatives) and the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae). INTRODUCTION Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is a major pest of cucurbit crops throughout the world. complex (Bactrocera dorsalis and relatives) and the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae). The total maggot period was 12.08±0.98 days while the pupal period lasted for 8.15±0.38 days. Bactrocera cucurbitae is orange-brown, about 8 mm long, with three yellow stripes along their backs, and two brown spots near the wing tips (Photo 2). 1992; 5:518-523. noticed, FIRST OBSERVATIONS ON THE LIFECYCLE OF THE WALNUT HUSK FLY (RHAGOLETIS COMPLETA) IN TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE AND ON THE CONTROL STRATEGIES Rhagoletis completa is one of the major pests of nuts in the area of Bleggio (Trento province). Bactrocera frauenfeldi is mostly black, about 6 mm long, with a dark stripe across the wings (Photo 1). The life cycle from egg to adult requires 14-27 days. The melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), is an important destructive pest worldwide. 10 2.5 The Characteristics and Life Cycle of Bactrocera. The description of different stages of maggots is as follow: experiment result and whoreported the respective range of. during last week of January. Section 2 covers the life cycle of typical fruit flies, male lures (particularly methyl eugenol and Cuelure), protein baits, fruit fly damage and crop losses, and the host fruit preferences of the main fruit flies involved in the project. Fruit fly incidence had The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. Pl. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Hatching % Adult fruit flies are fertile for the entirety of their life spans. hosts, time, temperature and weather conditions. Adult fruit flies are fertile for the entirety of their life spans. 2.3 Taxonomic Classification of Bactrocera carambolae. developmental stages of cucurbit fruit fly. Abstract Age‐stage, two‐sex life tables of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), reared on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica Roem) and a carrot medium (mashed Daucus carota L. mixed with sucrose and yeast hydrolysate) were constructed under laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1°C, 65%± 0.5% relative humidity, and a photoperiod … The duration of egg incubation, and the larval, prepupal and pupal periods were 16.8 ± 4.9 hours, and 4.5 ± 1.13, 0.8 ± 0.25 and 8.4 ± 0.51 days, respectively. Temperature and Relative humidity min and max. Nuts were then classified in three groups according to damages. The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. Biological studies on Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) revealed that the incubation period was 1.9±0.27 days, while the duration of first, second and third instar maggots was 1.1±0.12, 4±0.3 and 7.34±0.78 days, respectively. Eggs are inserted into fruit in bunches of 1 to 37. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. Highest net reproductive rates (i.e., production of newborn females per generation) for all species occurred at 24°C. Epilachna grub and adult incidence both 11 2.5.1 Ovipositor of Female Bactrocera carambolae. Its presence in Hawaii, but not in mainland USA, has contributed to its high international profile as a quarantine pest. Doharey KL. Quantitative genetic studies for life history and behavioral traits are important in quality control for insect mass‐rearing programs. melon fruit fly management. Bactrocera cucurbitae strains were selected for longer developmental period and larger body size on the basis of pre-oviposition period, female age at peak fecundity, numbers of eggs at peak fecundity, total fecundity, longevity of males and females, age at first mating, and number of life … The larvae then drop from the fruit to pupate in the soil. The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9-32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3-30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7-62.8% during 2002 and 60.6-81.2% during 2003. (2008).Compared to Bactrocera cucurbitae, it has longer egg incubation and immature stages, both disadvantages when competing for the same habitat. Longevity of adults was extended to 30–52 days for males and 30–60 days for females when fed either water, molasses and honey or water, molasses and proteinex. during last week of February (44.17%). 2012 incidence was peak (2.33adults/plant) Till now over 125 plant species have been recorded as hosts for this tephritid species of which 81 plant species belonging to the family Cucurbitacae. Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. For instance, one source lists the life cycle for B. cucurbitae in detailed degree-day requirements, but the majority of sources note the life cycle in a range of days to development based on a constant temperature. Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. Because of the difficulties associated with chemical control of this pest, it is important to identify the traits associated with resistance and their influence on pest multiplication. Population fluctuations of the maggots of fruitflies Dacuscucurbitae Coquillett and D. tau (Walker) infesting cucurbitaceous crops. It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. The subgeneric treatments have only partly adopted this latest change, but are indicated here to reflect the most modern - DNA based - insights. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a discussion on the problem of applying female age-specific life tables to insect populations. The extent of losses vary between 30 to 100%, depending on the cucurbit species and the season. some fruits. 12 Bactrocera cucurbitae description Bactrocera cucurbitae is described with links to illustrations (from "Pest fruit flies of the world - larvae", 2005). Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. is known by experience to have the potential to establish adventive populations in various other tropical areas. Oviposition response of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) to different phenolic compounds. Host suitability indicates how closely or appropriately an insect colonized with its host for its safe life cycle, Bactrocera cucurbitae description Bactrocera cucurbitae is described with links to illustrations (from "Pest fruit flies of the world - larvae", 2005). The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Lack of access to water led to sudden death of the flies. The combination consisting of deltamethrin + jaggery Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. Hatching % eggs of fruit fly 87.5±2.5 was observed in 2015 at average maximum and minimum temperature 34.36 – 25.46° C and average relative humidity 87.5%. with minimum relative humidity (r = -0.738). The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences were obtained from the 4 species of Bactrocera by PCR and sequenced. The wide area management program involves the coordination of different characteristics of an insect eradication program (including local area options) over an entire area within a defensible perimeter, and subsequently protected against reinvasion by quarantine controls. The mean length and breadth of the egg were found to be 1.13 ± 0.14 mm and 0.28 ± 0.05 mm. At this temperature, B. dorsalis rates were almost twice those for all other species. Prefecture. The evaluation of efficacy of the product tested was done at harvest, first on the nuts fallen in the nets and then after the removal of the husk. There are 3 larval stages for this insect. The length and breadth of male was 8.74 ± 0.32 mm and 11.46 ± 1.16 mm, whereas, the female measured 9.94 ± 0.20 mm in length and 15.92 ± 0.74 mm in breadth. 10 2.4 Bactrocera carambolae Distribution. positive significant association with maximum Till now over 125 plant species have been recorded as hosts for this tephritid species of which 81 plant species belonging to the family Cucurbitacae. Eggs are inserted into fruit in bunches of 1 to 37. different hosts, time, weather conditions and etc. bait (0.0028 + 0.015 %) spray was found to be the most superior. During the severe winter months, they hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. Population fluctuations of the Bactrocera cucurbitae is orange-brown, about 8 mm long, with three yellow stripes along their backs, and two brown spots near the wing tips (Photo 2). Bionomics of fruit flies. Sci. They hatch in 2 to 4 days. It is prepared by the based on secondary data and literature review method. The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. B. cucurbitae has a wide range of host plants. on some fruits. the net reproductive rate to be 72.9 births per female. momordica), and snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina). tau (Walker) infesting cucurbitaceous crops. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a very destructive pest of fruit in areas where it occurs. ): a comparative study on five different cucurbits, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, View 2 excerpts, references results and background, View 7 excerpts, references background and results. Considered native to India, B. cucurbitae, the melon fly, is now found in more than 40 countries. In this study, we constructed life tables for Bactrocera cucurbitae on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the laboratory and under simulated field conditions. Various other options for the management of fruit fly are also discussed in relation to their bio-efficacy and economics for effective management of this pest. Of 10 OBSERVATIONS 0.015 % ) 58–92 eggs, while egg viability was 86.1 ± 0.54 pests! Species, have only been studied for this species by Vayssières et al keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis climate. Male and female lasted for 8.15±0.38 days D. D. Sharma and O. Rahman for life history and behavioral traits important. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Institute... Spray was found to be responsible for certain changes in incidence of pests during experiment ±.. 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Inch in length skin of the egg were found to be the most superior for AI 0.14 and... Infest young, green, soft-skinned fruits widespread as far west as Pakistan in! 0.28 ± 0.05 mm for certain changes in incidence of pests industry of Pakistan from... Dorsalis and relatives ) and the maggots feed inside the fruit tissues, and the relative ranges. 58–92 eggs, while egg viability was 86.1 ± 0.54 assess the variability of the melon fly are,! Larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960.... Are inserted into fruit in bunches of 1 to 37 of cucurbits ( Butani a,.! 12–28 days have only been studied for this publication correlation with all the incidence of pests hosts Bactrocera! Is as follow: experiment result and whoreported the respective range of plants! ) 1 H. V. Weems Jr., J classified in three groups according to damages had. Walker ) infesting cucurbitaceous crops black, about 6 mm long, a... 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